How to use and quote resources when writing a thesis?

Virtually no qualification work can do without the support of quality resources – especially the theoretical passage is virtually entirely based on assumed information, which must always be properly quoted.

It goes without saying that the choice of resources that will be used to create a text should be quite critical – it must always be expert and scientifically based. For all assumed ideas and ideas, the student must follow the copyright law and consistently state the source of the information – it does not just refer to direct quotes, whose unauthorized use can be very easily proven, but also paraphrase – that is, rephrasing certain ideas in their own words. The student should keep in mind that the field in which he / she processes his / her qualification work, his / her opponent knows very well and has almost everything published about the topic – so it is not such a problem to identify one of his / her colleagues, to be a student of her own. The use of unlabelled resources then has very detrimental consequences.

So how do I cite resources so that they do not violate copyright law? There are three basic ways to cite in general:

  • – Continuous citation with numeric links
  • – citing in footnotes
  • – or quotation by the so-called Harvard system.

All three citation options are used in the practice of universities, it depends on their individual habits – there are always certain methodologies available to the student, how the final thesis should look like, including the recommended (or strictly required) method of citing – the exact application of these recommendations can only be recommended.

Whatever the three mentioned citations, the two types of citations are direct and paraphrase.

Direct citation is a literal transcription of the used text, ie a word-by-word description, without any change – the quoted section can be in the range of several words or several sentences, but always only long – it serves to highlight the most important ideas of the author or a controversial approach that differs significantly from the standard. It is necessary to write a direct quote in quotation marks and the text is highlighted in italics. A reference to the literature follows immediately after the quoted section, including a specific cited page.

Paraphrasing is a free “retelling” of the author’s text – that is, rewriting information in other words, more concisely or extensively, if necessary, but always following the idea – paraphrasing the text must always give the same meaning as the original. The paraphrase is followed by a reference to the source – whether a particular party will be listed, depending on the individual requirements of the school.

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